Tag: <span>cytokines</span>

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Nicotine could protect from COVID-19

Nicotine could protect against the COVID-19 virus, especially in more severe cases, by attenuating the body’s excessive immune reaction known as cytokine storm ―the uncontrolled response that leads to the release of a flood of substances called cytokines that, in excess, can result in damage to multiple organs―. This hypothesis, which was already pointed out...

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Doctors are finding damage in kidneys, hearts and elsewhere by COVID-19

The coronavirus kills by inflaming and clogging the tiny air sacs in the lungs, choking off the body’s oxygen supply until it shuts down the organs essential for life. But clinicians around the world are seeing evidence that suggests the virus also might be causing heart inflammation, acute kidney disease, neurological malfunction, blood clots, intestinal...

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The role of vitamin D in suppressing cytokine storm in COVID-19 patients

A study has reviewed the roles of vitamin D in reducing the risk of respiratory tract infections, knowledge about the epidemiology of influenza and COVID-19, and how vitamin D supplementation might be a useful measure to reduce risk. Through several mechanisms, vitamin D can reduce risk of infections. Those mechanisms include inducing cathelicidins and defensins...

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Caution on kidney dysfunctions of COVID-19 patients

To date, large amounts of epidemiological and case study data have been available for the COVID-19, which suggested that the mortality was related to not just respiratory complications. A new study analyzed kidney functions in COVID-19 patients and their relations to mortality. In this sense, in this multi-centered, retrospective, observational study, researchers included 193 adult...

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Potential utility of melatonin in deadly infectious diseases related to the overreaction of innate immune response and destructive inflammation: focus on COVID-19

The high mortality of deadly virus infectious diseases including SARS, MERS, COVID-19, and avian flu is often caused by the uncontrolled innate immune response and destructive inflammation. The majority of viral diseases are self-limiting under the help of the activated adaptive immune system. This activity is cell proliferation dependent and thus, it requires several weeks...